Diabetes Care, Resources, Programs & Education

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What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is when the body either does not make enough insulin or can't use it well. Insulin is the hormone used by your body to regulate blood glucose levels. Glucose is a form of sugar that powers our body with energy. Do you ever feel groggy after realizing you have skipped a meal? Since glucose is the energy currency of the brain, skipping a meal causes a drop in glucose levels, affecting your alertness and irritability. Whenever you eat or drink, the carbohydrates get broken down into glucose. If there isn't enough insulin to regulate the elevated glucose levels, symptoms of diabetes begin to develop.

Signs & Symptoms of Diabetes

  • Frequent urination 

  • Excessive thirst

  • Blurry vision

  • Dry skin

  • Tingling sensation in hands or feet

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What is a Pre-Diabetic?

Patients classified as pre-diabetic have blood glucose levels higher than average but not high enough to be classified as diabetic. Those who are pre-diabetic can help reduce the risk of developing diabetes by making lifestyle modifications. Snell's Pharmacy Clinical & Diabetes Center offers a Diabetes Prevention Program for pre-diabetes patients at risk of Type 2 Diabetes. Take the Pre-Diabetes Risk Test here to determine if you qualify for this program.

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Diabetes Lifestyle Changes

Lifestyle modifications are crucial to prevent pre-diabetes from progressing to diabetes. These include:

  • Increasing physical activity

  • Eating more vegetables

  • Eating less high-carb foods

  • Losing weight

  • Quit smoking tobacco if you are a smoker

  • Switching to water as your primary beverage

  • Limiting sugary drinks

  • Taking vitamin D

  • Adding more fiber-containing foods to your meals

You can learn more about ways to prevent diabetes by enrolling in our Diabetes Prevention Program.

Types of Diabetes

Type 1 Diabetes is a disease where the body attacks its insulin-producing cells. As a result, insulin can't be made, and a patient will have high blood glucose levels.


Type 2 Diabetes is a disease in which the body can produce insulin. However, the insulin is insufficient, or the body does not respond well to the insulin produced, leading to elevated blood sugar levels.


Gestational diabetes occurs when diabetes is first diagnosed during pregnancy. A lack of adequate insulin levels does not cause this type of diabetes; it's caused by other hormones produced during pregnancy which make any insulin produced less effective. Insulin is present, but the body's glucose is resistant to its effects. 

Pre-Diabetes is when your blood glucose levels are elevated but not high enough to be classified as a diabetic.

When testing for a diabetes diagnosis, your provider will look at your hemoglobin A1C level or blood glucose. Hemoglobin A1C is a blood test that indicates average blood sugar from the past three months.

Dealing with diabetes includes being aware of your numbers since hemoglobin A1C, and blood glucose measures are used to diagnose and track the progression of the disease. The CDC provides a chart showing what test results to understand.

Our Diabetes Care Programs

We know that managing diabetes can be a challenging task. Our Snell's Pharmacy Shop Diabetes Care Program can help you understand and manage your diabetes with specialized monitoring, medications, and recommendations to help you independently maintain a healthy lifestyle with diabetes. Patients enrolled in our Diabetes Care Program will:


  • Gain a better understanding of their diabetes diagnosis

  • Learn how to monitor and track blood glucose readings

  • Learn what to do in case of a dangerous drop or rise in blood sugar levels

  • Have a compassionate diabetes health advocate to lean on

  • Understand which prescription medications they have and what effect it has on blood sugar levels


In addition, patients looking to become more educated about diabetes will have access to a certified lifestyle coach who will help them learn how to:


  • Add physical activity to your routine

  • Manage stress

  • Stay motivated

  • Solve problems that can get in the way of achieving your goal

Call Ed Snell's Pharmacy Shop Today to Learn More About Diabetes Care Classes & Education